A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of by Thomas Lehmann PDF

By Thomas Lehmann

ISBN-10: 8185452032

ISBN-13: 9788185452036

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Additional info for A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication)

Example text

G. g. nata-kk-a. g. g. nata-nt-een '(I) walked'. A verb stem which is augmented with the single stop k when an inflectional suffix beginning with a vowel is added is called a middle stem. For instance, the verb stem keel 'ask, listen' is a middle stem. g. keet-k-a. g. g. keet-t-een '(I) asked'. A verb stem which is not augmented when an inflectional suffix beginning with a vowel is added is called a weak stem. For example, the verb stem tuuhku is a weak stem. When the vowel initial infinitive suffix -a is added, the verb stem is not augmented by the single or geminated stop(s) klkk, resulting in the form tuuhk-a.

When affixed, a morphophonemic rule changes both the final nasal of -in and the initial stop of -tu to r, in each case. Example: vaank-ir-ru. iv) the verb forms inflected for third person, plural number, and neuter gender are particular in the following respect. When inflected for present and past tense, they have an inflectional increment of the form -an between the tense suffix and the person-number-gender suffix. Exception are verbs of class III. 45 Irregular verb forms As mentioned earlier, Tamil has a small number of verbs which cannot be assigned to one of the seven classes.

In Modern Tamil this form does not occur as nominal in all the various nominal positions anymore. However, it can still occur in the nominal predicate position (of a verbless clause) apart from its position as noun modifier: (99) a. kumaar-atu pallikkuutam Kumar-gen school 'Kumar's school' b. ' Since in Modern Tamil the addition of the suffix -atu to a noun does not allow the resulting form to occur in all NP positions and to take case markers—as it does in Old Tamil, we do not analyze this suffix as a pronominal suffix, but as a genitive case marker in Modern Tamil.

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A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication) by Thomas Lehmann


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