By Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea
In response to fresh examine in formal linguistics, this quantity offers a radical description of the full procedure of Romanian Noun words, understood in a longer feel, that's, as well as nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines the entire adnominal words: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional words, supplement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The booklet specializes in syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but in addition incorporates a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian inside the publication can function a place to begin for the learn of the syntax/semantics of Noun words in different languages, whether or no longer they're typologically relating to Romanian. This ebook should be of specified curiosity to linguists engaged on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, specially simply because Romanian is proper for comparative linguistics not just as a Romance language, but additionally as a part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.
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Additional resources for A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase
Pl’ have roots that are completely distinct from those of the singular corresponding pronouns, eu and tu. This analysis will prove crucial in understanding a remarkable alternation between genitive-marked pronouns (for singular or plural Person 3 pronouns) and agreeing forms of pronouns (generally labeled ‘possessive adjectives’ in the grammatical tradition) for the other Persons: (23) a. fpl (24) a. gen Chapter 1. Introduction The idea is that there is only one inflectional slot per root. For 1st and 2nd person pronouns, where that slot is not filled with inherent features (since these pronouns have lexical Number), the number features can be copied from the head N.
Am văzut toate filmele / aceste filme. ’ b. *Am văzut toate filme. 1 seen all films Other functional categories, namely cardinals and other quantity expressions, as well as alt ‘other’, may co-occur with Determiners (in which case they appear in the post-D position), but they may also appear without a D: (28) a. trei / mulţi copii three / many children b. acei trei / mulţi copii those three / many children When they follow a Determiner, these expressions might be considered modifiers of the noun.
Gen c. gen Chapter 1. Introduction There are however some adnominal constituents which cannot appear in postcopular positions and do not allow for relative clause paraphrases, despite the fact that they are not complements of N. This is due to the fact that they do not combine with N by predicate intersection. We may thus distinguish two types of modifiers: intersective modifiers and non-intersective modifiers. 4). Certain interesting correlations can be established between the categorial type of adnominal constituents and their function (the distinction between complement and modifier).
A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase by Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea